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Hyperian History Of The World (19th Century, Part 3)

Ottobre 17th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

Hyperian History Of The World (19th Century, Part 3)

Beethoven and subsequent composers of the 19th century belong to what came to be known as the ‘Romantic’ era of music. This mirrors the ‘Romantic’ literary movement which had begun slightly earlier at the end of the 18th century and had flourished in England with great poets such as Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley and Keats.

Whilst these poets became famous and were celebrated at the time, there was another English poet who remained virtually unknown during his lifetime, yet was one of the most distinctive and visionary poets of all time. This was William Blake. Blake didn’t just write poetry but was also a painter and printmaker who tended to decorate his poetry with elaborate and highly original visual art. Blake was truly an oddity whose poetry and painting bore almost no relation to anything else which was being created at the time. Nonetheless, after his death and to the present day he has become one of the most influential artists of all time.

Considered to be mad in his time, Blake claimed to have had many religious visions which informed his work giving it a deeply mystical, spiritual quality, with several of his works being called ‘prophetic’. Blake was deeply critical of the establishment of his time, these criticisms often being stated quite clearly in his poetry. He despised all forms of organised religion and made his political feelings clear with his overt support for both the American and French revolutions and his friendship with Thomas Paine.

Although he opposed conventional religion, Blake was nonetheless deeply religious, and devised his own rich, complex mythology to express his religious ideas. The majority of his poetry consists of expressions of this complex mythology featuring a wide array of archetypal characters leading to some of the most original poetry ever written. Blake’s work reacts to every aspect of his society. He resists not only the religion and politics of the time, but also the newly developing scientific materialist worldview which Blake considered to be cutting people off from the religious and spiritual truths of the universe.

Blake can be considered a quintessential Hyperian artist, one who completely rejected all of the conventions of his time and developed a highly original, personal style to project the wonderfully creative contents of his mind. Blake wrote, “I must Create a System, or be enslav’d by another Man’s. I will not Reason & Compare; my business is to Create.”

Whilst Blake remained unknown in his lifetime, with the other English Romantic poets becoming far more famous, the real literary giant of the era was the german writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, one of the greatest writers of all time and perhaps the most influential figure in all of German culture.

Goethe excelled as a writer in almost every genre, writing four novels, hundreds of poems from short lyric poems to longer epic poems, several plays in prose and verse, works of literary criticism, scientific treatises on a range of subjects as well as his own memoirs and an autobiography. His first novel, ‘The Sorrows Of Young Werther’, became a sensation when it was published in 1774 and Goethe remained a celebrity for the remainder of his life. Several of his poems were even set to music by musical titans such as Beethoven and Schubert.

Goethe’s greatest work, completed just before his death in 1832, was his monumental drama, Faust, one of the most influential pieces of literature in history. Written as a play, the work is really a piece of poetry intended to be read rather than performed. However, it has been staged, albeit with a running time of about twenty one hours! In Faust, Goethe presents his version of the classic german legend of Faust, the scholar who sells his soul in exchange for knowledge. Whilst the traditional legend has Faust condemned for his desires, Goethe goes about the story in a different way.

Faust is split into two parts, the first of which was published earlier in 1808. This first part begins with the demon Mephistopheles making a bet with God that he can lure Faust away from righteous pursuits. Faust is striving to gain all possible knowledge and, although he has read everything, still he yearns for more. He turns then to magic, which causes Mephistopheles to appear, firstly in the form a stray dog who follows Faust home. Once the demon appears in human form, the pact is made. Mephistopheles agrees to give Faust everything he wants, whenever he wants it, so long as Faust promises to serve the Devil in hell after he dies. Faust agrees, stating that he is seeking for one moment so perfect that he would wish it to last an eternity, a moment which he hopes Mephistopheles will be able to provide.

The pact is signed with blood and the two begin their adventures, going out to see the world. Mephistopheles causes Faust to take on the appearance of a young, handsome man and Faust meets a girl, Gretchen, beautiful and pure, whom Faust is able to seduce with help from Mephistopheles. This, however, leads to tragedy. In order to meet with Faust, Gretchen drugs her own mother, who then dies from poisoning. Later, Gretchen discovers she is pregnant and her brother challenges Faust to a duel, leading to his death at the hands of Faust and Mephistopheles. Consumed by sorrow, when her child is born, Gretchen becomes mad and drowns the illegitimate child and is convicted of murder. Faust tries to free her from prison but she refuses to escape. Faust and Mephistopheles flee but voices from heaven announce that Gretchen will be saved.

After this first part of the drama was published, it had an immediate effect on German culture. Beethoven once supposedly said that an opera based on Faust would be the greatest work of art of all time. Sadly, Beethoven did not compose this work. Beethoven, however, only knew the first part of Faust, as the concluding, second part wasn’t published until after Beethoven’s death. If the first part of Faust had captured the german imagination, the second part went far further, containing far more elaborate adventures, deeper levels of mysticism and the powerful sense of a deep secret contained within.

The second part of Faust continues the adventures of Faust and Mephistopheles, seeing them first enter the service of the Holy Roman Emperor, where Mephistopheles solves the Emperor’s financial troubles by introducing paper money. Elaborate festivities result from this, culminating in Faust summoning the spirit of Helen of Troy, his ideal of beauty, from Hades. Once the vision of Helen appears, Faust falls in love with her, yet Mephistopheles whisks Faust away back to his old study. There, they discover that Faust’s attendant, Wagner, has created an artificial, miniature human being, called Homunculus. Homunculus goes with Faust and Mephistopheles on their next adventure, as he seeks to become fully human, although he is contained within a glass flask. This quest culminates with the glass smashing, causing the death of Homunculus.

Following this, Mephistopheles goes to the real Helen of Troy, whom he transports to Faust’s fortress, where she meets and falls in love with Faust. Together, they have a son, called Euphorion, a perfect, beautiful youth who eventually becomes overly bold and falls to his death in an attempt to fly. Overcome with sorrow, Helen disappears back to Hades.

Next, Faust begins a new, grand project to become a master of the land and the sea. He wishes to control the sea in order to bring forth a new land. Faust then dwells in this new land, becoming old and blind. Eventually, Faust wishes only to better the lives of those living in his land. In this moment, Faust realises that this is the moment of pure bliss which he would wish to last an eternity. With this final blissful realisation, Faust dies and Mephistopheles believes that he has won the wager and can now claim Faust’s soul. However, angels suddenly appear and take away Faust’s soul, carrying it upwards to heaven. The final scene shows the progression of Faust’s soul towards heaven, with numerous spiritual figures appearing, extolling spiritual matters concerning the soul of Faust, culminating in the final Chorus Mysticus which concludes the drama: “Everything transitory Is only an allegory; What cannot be achieved, Here it will come to pass; What cannot be described, Here it is accomplished; The eternal feminine Draws us aloft.”

Goethe’s Faust is one of the most imaginative works of literature ever written, overflowing with archetypal imagery, profound ideas and deep mystery, with a strong sense of hidden meanings and powerful secrets. The work is also a magnificent gnostic allegory. Whereas older, more christian versions of the legend of Faust end with Faust being condemned for his desire for the knowledge of god, Goethe ends his legend with Faust’s soul ascending to heaven, in a moment of apotheosis. Goethe celebrates the ambition of Faust to acquire knowledge leading to his becoming godlike himself. Yet, importantly, Faust only achieves this after making his deal with the devil, showing how we must embrace both the darkness and the light if we are to transcend them both. This idea echoes that of William Blake in his ‘The Marriage Of Heaven And Hell’, in which Blake states that progression in life is impossible without the unification of contraries, such as good and evil.

Both Blake and Goethe, therefore, present us with highly imaginative versions of the gnostic message, Blake with a completely original mythology, and Goethe with one which draws on old legends and pagan myths full of archetypal figures and imagery. Like Blake, we must all reject the old conventions of this world and create a vision of the future which we can actualise in the here and now. Like Goethe’s Faust, we must all strive for ultimate knowledge, even if that means embracing the darker aspects of life, and we must traverse this benighted world and all of its dark places, if we are to bathe it in the light of our own inner star.

Religion, the Oldest Weapon of Mass Destruction in Human History

Ottobre 17th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

Religion, the Oldest Weapon of Mass Destruction in Human History

By Ned Heiden | 11 April 2016
Dutch Heretic

Most likely the first human who invented the first god was some smart tribal guy who saw that it was a very effective way to protect himself from bodily harm by the stronger ones if he made them and the less smart members of his tribe believe he had a very strong friend living across the mountains. A friend so strong that he could make the mountains rumble by stamping his feet on the ground. Others would not dare to attack him fearing the revenge of such a powerful friend and even though no one ever saw this friend it was better to be safe than sorry.

It probably did not take long for this smart guy to discover that his fellow tribesmen were easily led to believe that this thunder ally would make them nearly invincible in battle with rivaling tribes and could even conquer these tribes. The smart guy was well aware that in reality he was not safe at all so he turned to the strongest one around, usually the tribe leader and made him believe that he was favored by the mighty thunder-friend across the mountains.

As history progressed the tribal leaders became the Kings of the later times where the smart guys became the holy men, and priests.

Of course the strong friend story was revised when people could cross the mountain and were likely to find nothing there. As time passed the powerful friend moved to a place where no man could travel, places like in the sky, the deepest sea, or the top of unclimbable mountains.

Religion became the most powerful way of making people compliant and even the Roman Empire saw that its culture of countless god families would not work if they wanted to maintain power over Europe. In the 4th century Emperor Constantine the Great started a change when he decided to go for a new approach that seemed to work in the eastern territories so he threw out the old God families with their immensely complex mythical stories and started simplifying things by adopting the one single god of the Jewish culture combined with folklore about a prophet who claimed to have been the son of this Jewish god; this was a wise decision because in this way he would not cross the Jews, who he saw as a nuisance and wished he could get rid of.

He appointed a group of smart guys, that you will find in any era, and gave them the task of creating this system of a Father, a Son and a Mother who was chosen to bear this son of God, Jesus.

These smart guys of course were the Council of Nicaea that was well aware that creating a whole religion from scratch would cost decades unless they joined together old Chronicles with scriptures mostly taken from the Jewish Talmud and combined that with the new story of the prophet, Jesus son of god, in the one book that would be the guideline of the new roman religion Christianity for the future.

This compromise was created in much shorter time, and there were bound to be errors in the bible because there wasn’t enough time to cross reference the books that were included. Taking the fact that no one could read anyway and the sermons would be given in Latin these errors would not show for another millennium.

To make a big leap forward, Christianity in the form of Roman Catholicity spread across Europe and later the world in a bloody, merciless often genocidal way. Like in prehistoric times, Rulers and Priests joined forces to keep their people compliant; and a perfect example is, as the cardinal said to the king, “if you keep them poor, I will keep them ignorant”.

Even today historians are still arguing about the historicity of this statement but it gives a good image of the religious system of keeping people compliant and not turning against the ruling class. At the same time it shows how well indoctrinated compliant people could be manipulated into fighting their wars, all in the name of God and King.

To the Kings, Emperors yet to come were given the forces of church and religion, a weapon of almost unlimited numbers of subjects ready to fight their wars and to expand their illusion of power that in reality was in the hands of the smart guys behind religion.

Rulers would eventually die and could be replaced while religion kept expanding its power and influence.

All throughout history religion has been used as the most powerful weapon of genocide and destruction known to mankind.

This went perfect until the time of enlightenment when in spite of the efforts of religion to keep them ignorant, people started to think for themselves and discovered that they were being used and started rising up to the power of these Kings and other rulers, but still in the way religion had taught them, now it became “for God and Country”.

In the time of modernization, and especially the 20th century, all religions began to lose their grip on the people when more and more people left the church because they became educated and aware that they were being manipulated. The time without god was born, at least in western Europe where the average person currently identifies themselves as atheist, no longer believing in a god presented by the church.

Don’t think the religious weapon has lost it’s power. Islam has gained more power in the past 5 decades than in centuries before; they know how to use the two pillars of religion, poverty and ignorance to organize people into a formidable strike weapon against its “enemies”; and Christianity only has minimal loss in this.

Same thing happened in the USA.

Because the ruling class were not Kings or Emperors, religion has found other ways to ensure its power by giving aid to the rich who can control politics just with their money.

But religion is encountering a snag, for the first time it is feeling losses in the number of followers it can control, because more and more people are becoming educated and skeptical about this whole religious thing.

One of the pillars of religion, ignorance is rotting away. These past decades the rich and powerful have been very active to enrich themselves and keep the people poor. This is not enough, to keep its power religion also needs that other leg to stand on. To regain this, it is of absolute necessity to return the people back to compliant ignorance and bring a stop to this threat of education. Religion realizes all too well that to reverse it back to illiteracy is no longer possible, so the smart guys are now actively doing what they do best, manipulating circumstances in their favor, and therefore they need to control education to the advantage of their religion.

I think the only proof I need to present that this is all happening is to urge you to look at the rise of creationist dogma in education by getting religious people into key positions in the educational system.

For the religious weapon to survive it needs an increasing number of blind ignorant followers. The religious weapon keeps totalitarian regimes in power, and together they keep the majority of the people in the world poor and ignorant.

But now instead of kings and emperors this power is given to the rich who can use their fortune to buy their way into decision making politics while the “peasants” are going to church every Sunday and send their children to church dominated schools to make sure they receive their daily dose of brainwashing.

It is time for this weapon to be dismantled to stop this madness.

Don’t you agree?

Reprinted with permission from the author.

Ned Heiden has an electrical engineering degree in industrial electrical systems and a degree in social political history. He blogs at Dutch Heretic.

http://churchandstate.org.uk/2016/04/religion-oldest-weapon-of-mass-destruction-in-human-history/?fbclid=IwAR1Zxvfb1XtHr9PSUNwzXz_pAdkiFtaFDwT1UIFv6kFKyWNo_qXAyq-_pec

Power Self

Ottobre 16th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

Hyperian History Of The World (19th Century, Part 2)

Ottobre 11th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

Hyperian History Of The World (19th Century, Part 2)

Hegel wrote that “the history of the world is none other than the progress of the consciousness of freedom”. Indeed, Hegel was writing following the revolutionary events of the end of the 18th century, in which humanity began to awaken to the tyranny under which they lived and began to resist it. The 19th century certainly proved to be one in which the consciousness of freedom made great progress. Whilst Hegel’s philosophy provides us with a metaphysical explanation of this process, to see the real evidence of this process in action one ought to look at the art and creativity of that time, in particular, it’s music.

In the previous century music had reached dizzying heights of greatness in the works of Handel and Bach, Haydn and Mozart. Yet, for the most part, these composers were being commissioned to compose by their wealthy patrons and, as such, their music was being controlled by a powerful ruling class despite their great individual genius. Mozart had begun to challenge this with some of his operas having controversial subject matter which troubled the aristocracy.

In the 19th century, one composer managed not only to eclipse the talent and mastery of those great 18th century masters, but managed also to completely change the way in which composers composed, taking complete control over his own work, injecting it with a powerful sense of personality, a true expression of an individual progress of the consciousness of freedom. This was of course the great Ludwig Van Beethoven, perhaps the greatest composer who ever lived.

Beethoven perfectly embodied the enlightenment values of his time, which he poured into his music, as well as a great sense of the power of the individual to dazzle the world with the unlimited creative content of his mind. Beethoven knew exactly what he was capable of and didn’t allow anything to stop him and refused to compromise in order to ‘fit in’. Beethoven, through force of will, became the greatest master of music the world has ever seen, and his dazzling later works are all the more astonishing when one considers that, by that time, the composer had gone completely deaf.

“Oh you men who think or say that I am malevolent, stubborn, or misanthropic, how greatly do you wrong me. You do not know the secret cause which makes me seem that way to you.” These are the words with which Beethoven began his so-called Heiligenstadt Testament written in 1802. In this document, addressed to his brothers but not found until after the composer’s death in 1827, Beethoven reveals his anguish at the prospect of his oncoming deafness, a truly terrible prospect for a musician. Yet, though the letter reads almost like a suicide note, the great man evidently did not commit suicide (the letter itself states, “it was only my art that held me back”), instead he went on to achieve greater heights of artistic genius than perhaps any other composer in history.

Had Beethoven killed himself in 1802, he would have been nothing more than a footnote in musical history, known perhaps a great virtuosic performer of his day and as a composer who wrote a few notable works in the classical style of Haydn and Mozart, before an untimely death. But despite the prospect of his impending tragedy, the avoidance of which he knew to be impossible, Beethoven made the conscious decision to live on nonetheless. “I was ever inclined to accomplish great things”, he writes, showing that he knew in himself what heights he was capable of, and no physical ailment was going to stop him. Rather, Beethoven turned his disadvantage into a strength. Through his own mighty force of will, Beethoven ceases to be known merely as a virtuosic performer or as a composer imitating the styles of others, and instead rises above everything that has come before him. He uses his isolating illness to probe depths of the human psyche no musician had ever dreamt of.

Two years after the Heiligenstadt Testament, Beethoven had completed his third symphony, his epic ‘Eroica’. Twice as long as any symphony composed by anyone else before, this work would have baffled and amazed audiences in 1805, when it was first performed, with its impressive scale, force and power.

Isolated though he was, Beethoven was well aware of events going on in the world at the time. A practitioner of Enlightenment values, Beethoven had been a supporter of the French Revolution and had supported Napoleon in his early days, and it was to that world historic figure that Beethoven had originally dedicated the ‘Eroica’, that is, until he learned that Napoleon had crowned himself Emperor, in opposition to the revolutionary values that Beethoven also held. The original manuscript of the score still bares the scars of Beethoven’s wrath, with Napoleon’s dedication scratched out with such force as to tear the page. Instead, Beethoven dedicated the piece “to the memory of a great man”.

In this symphony, Beethoven celebrates the glory of the individual, the enlightened individual who stands in opposition to all the forces of endarkenment. The ‘Eroica’ of the title, the heroic individual, is one who makes themself all that which they have it in them to be.

When Napoleon’s French forces occupied Vienna, Beethoven’s wealthy patron, Prince Lichnowsky was entertaining some of them one night, and Beethoven was invited to attend the evening. When the prince asked Beethoven to play for them, Beethoven exploded into a rage, not wishing to be presented as an attraction to the foreign invaders. Beethoven makes his allegiance quite clear when he says to the Prince, “What you are, you are by accident of birth; What I am, I am by myself. There are and will be a thousand princes; There is only one Beethoven.”

Following this, Beethoven ceased to rely on patronage, instead taking control of his own career and making money through concerts and publications, no longer requiring wealthy patrons, as composers had done for centuries. Beethoven despised the wealthy elite, as shown by another famous anecdote. Beethoven was walking through the street with his friend, the great writer Goethe, when they came upon a group of aristocrats. Goethe stepped aside to allow them to pass, yet Beethoven continued on, forcing the aristocrats to move aside for him. He stopped further up the street to allow Goethe to catch up. Once he had, Beethoven said to him, “I have waited for you because I respect you and I admire your work, but you have shown too much esteem to those people”.

Beethoven made himself the greatest composer of all time and, despite becoming profoundly deaf, still managed to compose works of impossible brilliance, such as the Missa Solemnis and, in particular, his ninth symphony. Completed in 1824, this symphony was even longer than the Eroica and, in its final movement, even utilised singers for the first time ever in a symphony, which was usually an instrumental work. Yet Beethoven had long wished to set to music a poem by the poet Schiller called the Ode to Joy and he did so in this symphony. The poem celebrates joy and calls for universal brotherhood and is very much in accordance with Beethoven’s enlightenment values.

Despite its great length and incredible innovations, the symphony was a massive success. At its premier, Beethoven, completely deaf, insisted on conducting the orchestra despite not being able to hear them. This was allowed to occur, yet the lead violinist actually took control and had the orchestra follow his lead. As a result, the orchestra finished before Beethoven, who was still waving his arms around as the audience began to applaud. As they rose in a huge standing ovation, Beethoven had to be physically turned around by one of the singers in order to accept the adulation.

Beethoven represents the culmination of all the developments in music which preceded him, and also the root of all which followed him. Music for the remainder of the century, and beyond, continued to follow the trajectory which he had begun. Contemporary to Beethoven was Franz Schubert, who, aside from being perhaps the greatest songwriter who ever lived, also managed to compete with Beethoven with a few of his symphonies and other works.

The 19th century also saw opera reaching its greatest heights. One composer in particular took it to extreme levels. Recognising that opera was the true artistic heir to the great synthesis of the arts which had been the tragedies of ancient Greece, Richard Wagner applied the same ideas to his operas. Wagner devised the concept of Gesamtkunstwerk, or total-artwork, in which several art forms all come together in one single work. Wagner didn’t just compose the music for his operas, but also wrote all of the words (unusual for composers of the time), directed all of the onstage action and even designed the sets and costumes himself.

Wagner broke free of all of the traditions of opera and his gargantuan works would consist of huge unbroken streams of music rather than being broken down into shorter sections as in other operas. The culmination of Wagner’s ideas comes in his epic Ring Cycle. Based on Norse mythology, this work consists of four operas to be seen on four consecutive evenings for a total of about fourteen hours of music. To stage this absurdly ambitious work, Wagner had to actually build his own opera house, as no existing venue had the means to put on such a work.

Wagner’s true genius, however, was to reach deep into the collective unconscious of humanity and draw forth the archetypes and structures of our mythology and put them into musical form. Wagner tended to represent each archetype, characters, objects and even ideas and feelings, with little melodies or leitmotifs which would recur throughout the opera in many different forms. This technique gives his music great psychological power and is a technique utilised by many other composers, particularly modern film composers.

Despite the epic scale of the Ring Cycle, Wagner’s most deeply spiritual work is probably his final opera, Parsifal. Based on the medieval legend of the knights of the Holy Grail, Parsifal is an immensely powerful work with profound power. If it were possible for a piece of art to contain all of the secrets to enlightenment, then Parsifal is arguably the one which comes closest.

The 19th century produced an astonishing number of great composers. Aside from Beethoven, Schubert and Wagner, there was also Berlioz, Mendelssohn, Schumann, Chopin, Liszt, Verdi, Bruckner, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Dvorak and many others. Human creativity was on fire and it was all down to the decision that Beethoven made in his Heiligenstadt Testament, the decision to go on and actualise all of his potential, regardless of everything which life threw at him. As Hyperians we all must make similar decisions. We can disappear into obscurity, or we can pour out the contents of our souls and light up the world with our creative brilliance. Beethoven was just one individual. Imagine what we could do if we all united.

“Seid umschlungen, Millionen! Diesen Kuß der ganzen Welt!”

War

Ottobre 11th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă