The Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR)
PSR= „For everything that exist, there is a sufficient reason for why it is thus and not otherwise”
It simply states that everything happens according to Reason and never randomly. In its simplicity is the profoundest thing of all.
We can say that the Principle of Sufficient Reason is the First Cause, or the Prime Mover. It is the origin of all mathematical motion and hence of all motion. A point move through the unit circle ad infinitum and give rise to eternal sine and cosine waves because the PSR mandate it.
So the PSR is pretty much the God Equation stated in words, or a synonymous to ontological math, mind, life and light.
The PSR *seems* simple at first glance – it is “simply” Leibniz’ principle that everything has a sufficient reason (must have a proper, rational explanation). But the *implications* are massive. The PSR is “God” (not in the conventional sense). The entire universe (all of ontological mathematics) can be derived from the PSR, and from its mathematical equivalent, Euler’s Formula.
A corollary of the PSR is Occam’s Razor (the universe takes the shortest, simplest, most economical path – beauty, simplicity, symmetry, order and reason are all indissolubly linked). Leibniz’s principles: The Sameness of Indiscernibles (no two things are identical) and the Law of Continuity (nature makes no leaps) are also necessary consequences of the PSR.
In fact all laws in the universe, all mathematical equations, all ‘scientific’ equations as well (when they haven’t been butchered and misinterpreted by materialism / empiricism) come from the PSR. Some of the most notable logical principles though?
0. PSR = Euler’s Formula
“Nothing exists, or can exist, without a sufficient reason for its existence. For every fact there is a reason why it is so and not otherwise. Nothing comes about arbitrarily. If you can’t state the sufficient reason for a phenomenon then you do not understand it. If something does not have a sufficient reason for its existence then it does not exist.”
1. Occam’s Razor (corollary)
“Occam’s razor is the English equivalent of the Latin lex parsimoniae — the law of parsimony, economy or succinctness. It is a principle urging one to select among competing hypotheses that which makes the fewest assumptions and thereby offers the simplest explanation of the effect.” — Wikipedia
That is, if there is no sufficient reason to complicate things, keep it as simple as possible. The sufficient reason for something will also usually be the simplest reason.”
Ultimate simplicity is the tautology 0 = 0.
2. The Sameness of Indiscernibles
3. Law of Continuity
4. Infinity Multiplier
“Existentially, if one of something is possible then there’s no sufficient reason why an infinite number should not be possible: the conditions that were sufficient for one must also be sufficient for an infinite number. If one is forbidden, all are forbidden. If one is possible, an infinite number is possible because there’s no sufficient reason why any arbitrary limit should apply.”
5. Principle of Least Time
“Fermat’s Principle: ‘Light travels between two given points along the path of shortest time.'”
6. Principle of Least Action
“If something can be done with a minimal effort, what sufficient reason could there be for taking more effort than required i.e. sufficient reason always stands on the side of least action since there’s never any sufficient reason for superfluous action.”
7. The Plenitude Principle
“Everything that can happen will happen eventually. (Existence “begins” as perfect potential and evolves to perfect actualisation, and in doing so it creates God. God does not create existence.
God in fact IS existence in some sense, but requires an evolutionary process in order to actualise himself i.e. to turn all of his potential into actuality.”
8. The Perpetual Motion Principle
“Everything that exists is always in motion. A genuinely stationary state is impossible.”
Monads aren’t static, they’re dynamic – and therefore infinite monads can create spacetime / extension.
It’s impossible for you to be stationary. Even if you think right now you’re ‘sitting down’, you may be moving at 0 speed through space but at *maximum* speed through time.
9. The Plenum Principle
“Everything is filled. There are no gaps. Existence is not limited in any way. There are no boundaries between existence and something else called non-existence. Existence is all there is. Any system that leaves any possibility of any gaps (such as in any materialistic theory) is false. There can be no gaps and no leaps, except in specific mathematical situations.”
10. Principle of Monadic Spacetime
“With his monads, Leibniz considered that he had unambiguously defined existence. The fact is that there is no other entity that can do so. The Plenum Principle states that there can be no gaps in existence and the Perpetual Motion Principle states that everything that exists is always in motion. So, in the light of these principles, the question of existence becomes radically simple and one of pure mathematics. With what shape of “particle” can you unarguably and unambiguously fill all of existence, and keep it filled no matter how the particles move with respect to each other?” (Dimensionless monads.)
God Series book 3 ‘The Last Man Who Knew Everything’ by Mike Hockney goes into more detail on Leibniz, and the logical consequences of the PSR.
by Alessio Cappelli and Thomas Foster – hyperians