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The Movement (1)

Settembre 29th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

The Movement

1) A New Religion

Imagine a clean slate for religion. No bearded prophets, no holy texts, no brainwashing going back hundreds and thousands of years, no commandments, no saints, no angels, no rituals, no sacraments, no places of worship, no priests and preachers, no traditional practices and observances, no holy days, no popes, no rules regarding diet, clothes or appearance, no prohibitions, no sermons.

How would you go about creating a religion from scratch?

It should be a religion that does the following:

a) Wakes up humanity and brings about a spiritual renaissance.
b) Frees humanity from the materialistic, zombie consumer culture of shopping malls.
c) Appeals to theists, deists, gnostics, agnostics and even atheists.
d) Promotes mystery, secrecy and wonder, and provides a transformative experience for its initiates.

It’s up to you to build it. Create, on the drawing board, via crowdsourcing, the perfect religion, with no historical baggage, and then bring it alive. Can you do it?

This new religion will be called Illuminism (rather than Illumination). The aim is for it to be so inspiring that it will consign all other religions to oblivion, and will allow agnostics and atheists to participate. For all of its triumphs, science, the bedrock of atheism, is full of holes and contradictions (it’s amazing how many critical flaws in science are glossed over as if they didn’t exist), and, above all, science can’t answer the most basic question of all: what is the meaning of life? This isn’t a scientific question, it’s a philosophical one, and atheists are as interested in it as much as everyone else.

So, can you collaborate with others to produce a religion that will inspire the world and save us all from the horrors of the current dominant religions?

It should be a religion that costs nothing, requires no priests, rabbis, or imams, no churches, mosques, synagogues or temples, no baptisms, no “holy” days; a religion that has no need of “saints” interceding on our behalf, nor of “sacraments” that bestow “grace” upon us, nor ancient texts that we are supposed to take literally, nor fierce prophets ordering us what to do. No one and no organisation stands between you and God. God is within you.

The qualities attributed to Jesus Christ are those possessed by each person if they did but know it. As with Christ, God and man are united in each and every one of us; two natures existing within each person. Christians are willing to believe this of Christ, but not of ordinary men and women. Gnostics accept it as true of everyone. This radically opposite view makes all the difference in the world.

Christianity or Gnosticism? – God incarnate in one person (Christ), or the divine spark incarnate in everyone? Which offers the most glorious and hopeful vision for humanity? There is no possible doubt. Had Christianity evolved slightly differently (and it had many opportunities to become unrecognisable from the way it turned out), it could have been Gnostic Christianity, with Christ as an Everyman…a shining example to all Gnostics, a model for everyone to emulate, the perfect blend of humanness and the divine spark.(Some Gnostics regarded Christ as a divine messenger sent by the True God to enlighten us. He had a phantom body, they said, rather than a real one because no being from the realm of light would ever fully enter into the Satanic material world. Other Gnostics regarded him as indeed taking on a physical reality so that he could act as the perfect example to everyone of how to escape Satan’s material hell. His life, they said, was about an ordinary man – a carpenter – going on an incredible journey to release his divine spark and become God. He was so successful that billions now worship him as though he were a unique being rather than an exemplar whom anyone can emulate.)

The Illuminati, knowing the true identity of Jesus Christ, revile him, but the “image” of Jesus Christ rather than the reality could certainly have been the foundation of great things if it had evolved along Gnostic lines. The archons – the agents of the Demiurge, the ultimate puppetmasters – ensured that this did not happen.

Nothing is more important than the idea that God (or a “higher self” to placate atheists) resides within you, because this ensures that no one is alienated from God (he is no longer separate, alien and distant from us) and it gives every person’s life infinite value. It ensures that everyone has high self-esteem and self-confidence. Kings of old claimed to be divinely appointed and thus to have the absolute right to dominate everyone else. Illuminism should teach that we are all divinely appointed and no one has the right to dominate anyone.

Illuminism should promote humanity’s highest aspirations, the feeling of well-being and contentment, the feeling that everyone is precious and to be treated as such.

Illuminism should abolish churches and formal buildings of worship. Religion should return to nature, to the outdoors: to groves and forests, rivers and lakes, mountains and fields, caves and grottoes. It should contain mystery and magic to kindle the human imagination. There should be no power hierarchy.

Ecstasy means standing outside of oneself. Enthusiasm means being possessed or inspired by a god. Inspiration means breathing in the divine essence. These words are all related to the quest for the divine spark and attaining your higher self. Illuminism should be full of ecstatic experiences, enthusiasm and inspiration.

A long-running joke in The Simpsons is the incredible tedium of the Reverend Lovejoy’s services. The Simpsons, like most Christians, regard religion as a chore that needs to be endured every Sunday. There’s nothing uplifting about it, nothing transcendent. Religion is supposed to be the core of the mystery of life, and yet for most people it’s something that sends them to sleep. Modern religion is either a bore or leads to the psychopathic fanaticism of suicide bombers. The majority of people these days are numb, “comfortably” numb. Isn’t it time to come out of your numbness, to feel the exhilaration that true religion brings? The world is crying out for a new religion.

Can you create symbols and initiation degrees for Illuminism? Can you create a structure for an underground religion? Can you create secret and mystical ceremonies? Can you create a religion that allows people to feel like gods?

Perhaps the ancient and historical red Phrygian cap should be worn? This is the famous liberty cap of the American and French Revolutions. Perhaps you can find inspiration from the following texts:

The Emerald Tablet
The Kybalion
The Corpus Hermeticum
The Rosicrucian Manifestos
1. Fama Fraternitatis
2. Confessio Fraternitatis
3. Chymical Wedding

The Holy Grail:
1. Perceval, The Story of the Grail by Chrétien de Troyes
2. Joseph of Arimithea, or the Novel of the History of the Grail by Robert de Boron
3. Parzival by Wolfram von Eschenbach

The Divine Comedy by Dante
Paradise Lost by John Milton
Faust by Goethe

Or from the following spiritual films:

Stalker (Andrei Tarkovsky)
(The quest for a modern Grail.)
Solaris (Andrei Tarkovsky)
(An encounter with reified dreams and the deep contents of the unconscious.)
Excalibur (John Boorman)
(The quest for the original Grail.)
Apocalypse Now (Francis Ford Coppola)
(Journey into the heart of darkness for an encounter with your higher self, only to discover that it has become corrupt. You must “kill” your higher self, allowing it to be reborn in a purified state.)
Groundhog Day (Harold Ramis)
(A man finding his higher self through eternal recurrence and reincarnation.)
The Matrix (Wachowski Brothers)
(A man transforming into his divine self.)
V for Vendetta (James McTeigue)
(A masked hero fights back against an oppressive, totalitarian regime.)
Network (Sidney Lumet)
(The cynicism and evil of corporations and the media are spectacularly exposed.)

Objective: for Illuminism to replace all established religions.

Excerpted, page 339

© The Illuminati’s Secret Religion

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The Cosmic March

Settembre 28th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

The Cosmic March

What symbolises the march of the souls from the Genesis Point into the material world, and ever-expanding space? – the Pythagorean Tetraktys, one of the most sacred symbols of the Illuminati.

The universe is in fact always God. It begins as God in his state of maximum potential and minimum actualisation and ends as God in the state of minimum potential and maximum actualisation, and then it starts over…and it repeats the cycle forever.

If we did but know it, we are all God and everything we see, hear, touch, smell and feel is God. All matter is God. All mind is God. There is nothing but God. God does not create the universe, God IS the universe. The universe is the vehicle that takes the hidden God (Deus Absconditus) to the revealed God (Deus Manifestus).

The dialectic is the cosmic engine that converts potential into actuality, and keeps raising it higher and higher until it’s perfect, until it has reached its divine Omega Point. There’s no need for any Creator. The cosmos propels itself. It raises itself up through dialectical feedback loops. It makes itself conscious. It makes itself intelligent. It perfects itself.

Abraxas, the God of Illuminism, was the first cosmic consciousness to attain gnosis – God Consciousness. But he is not a unique God. We can all join Abraxas. He leads us all forward.

Abraxas is the synthesis of two opposing dialectic forces: good (altruism; consideration for others) and evil (selfishness; contempt for others). He is beyond good and evil and operates according to pure reason. In other words, he is a God of mathematical precision and logic. He always knows the right and best thing to do because he can solve all possible equations regarding any conceivable situation. He is all-powerful, all-knowing and infallible, just as God is supposed to be. Mathematics guarantees that. He is not moral perfection (although he would never commit any immoral acts), but rather rational perfection, the perfection of mathematics.

Lucifer is the cosmic principle of good, and Satan of evil. The dialectic necessarily creates all possible principles, which are then resolved in higher and higher syntheses. Good and evil are resolved only in the attainment of God consciousness.

All individuals are attracted to the Satan Principle – “Me, me, me: look after No. 1 and screw over everyone else” – to some degree. Fortunately, many people find greater satisfaction from the Lucifer Principle – “Do as you would be done by; help others and they will help you.” The world is a constant battleground between the Satan and Lucifer principles. Those at the top of society are invariably Satanists. The extraordinarily disproportionate amount of wealth and power they have grabbed for themselves shows that personal enrichment and aggrandisement are their only motivation. They care nothing for others. Such people should never be allowed anywhere near positions of power over society. They are the least fit to rule.

Satan is, ultimately, a bad mathematician, someone who never grasped the Cosmic Equation. He is obsessed with the “One” – himself. Lucifer is a better mathematician, but still not perfect. He is obsessed with the “Many” as opposed to the One. Abraxas is the perfect mathematician who reconciles the One and the Many. Both are essential. Neither can be neglected.

The supreme community, the ideal political state, is the one that maximises individual liberty within the context of the Collective. If some individuals are permitted too much liberty, others are enslaved (this is how capitalism operates). If all are forced to be equal, everyone is enslaved (this is how communism operates).

The optimal solution is to provide equality of opportunity but not equality of outcomes. The most meritorious will take greatest advantage of equal opportunities and rise to the top, thus generating the best possible governments consisting of the demonstrably most talented individuals.

This is the Meritocratic State. It applies 100% inheritance tax at death to ensure that privileged family dynasties never come into being. Maximum individual liberty within a rational State demands that all personal wealth be gifted voluntarily, or by law if needs be, to the Commonwealth when an individual dies. It is inherently anti-meritocratic for an individual to pass on his wealth to specific people rather than to the Commonwealth. No one on earth has the right to increase one person’s freedom and opportunity at the expense of another person’s freedom and opportunity. The system of privilege whereby rich parents pass on prosperity to their children is a direct attack on the opportunities and scope for freedom of those children who do not have rich parents. If seen for what it truly is, privilege is an act of violence and war against the non-privileged and ought to reap the appropriate response. There is simply no place at all for privilege in this world of ours. It is Meritocracy or War. Take your pick.

Excerpt from The God Factory

Mike Hockney

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The Illuminati Order

Settembre 28th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

The Illuminati Order

There are only 6,000 members of the Illuminati: fewer than one in a million in a world population of some six and a half billion people. In a city like London, there are only eight members. Many people, when they imagine a secret society, picture something along the lines of Freemasonry, with Masonic lodges in every major town and regular meetings involving a large number of people. The Illuminati offer nothing of that kind. Meetings are infrequent. Special locations are selected for small gatherings and these change every year (they are always connected with locations across the world that have played critical and fateful parts in the history of the Illuminati). Many members have to expend a great effort in terms of travel, expense and their time to get to the chosen meeting place. The occasions are highly dramatic and spine tingling, as they must be when great religious mysteries are revealed.

The Illuminati Order is not something you “join” for the sake of joining, not something that exists to give you status or a secret identity to make you feel good about yourself, or to allow you to solve the “puzzle of life” in the manner of an amateur mathematician or a detective. Joining the Illuminati is a transformative experience. Neither money, status, celebrity, fame, prestige, nor any other of the “golden” attributes of our shallow, materialistic and consumerist society can secure a person admission to the Illuminati. Equally, many good and honourable people who have many of the right qualities we look for are also unable to join since they are simply not ready in terms of the criteria we apply.

This means that the Illuminati miss out on many talented people. The Illuminati have always got round this problem in the past by creating new secret societies and orders that are based on many, but not all, of the principles of the Illuminati. These other organisations have less restrictive admission criteria, recruit many more members and evolve in their own way.

Freemasonry was the creation of the Illuminati, but it must be emphasised that the Illuminati did not run Freemasonry. A few of the original Grand Masters were members of the Illuminati but because the number of Freemasons rapidly outstripped the total membership of the Illuminati, Freemasonry soon changed in character. “Undesirables” infiltrated it and the Illuminati lost control, with the disastrous consequences that are now apparent. Contemporary Freemasonry is an obscenity, a grotesque insult to the ideals on which it was founded. Whereas the original Freemasons were anti-establishment, determined to work against false religions, arrogant nobles and tyrannical kings, modern Masons are the central pillars of the oppressive regimes they once opposed. Freemasonry has been turned on its head.

The Illuminati have thought long and hard about why Freemasonry failed so spectacularly and became the primary weapon of the Old World Order to maintain its power, wealth and privileges indefinitely. Can something along the lines of the original vision of Freemasonry be reborn, without falling victim to the same dismal fate?

The Illuminati have decided that the time has come for a new attempt, an addition to the historical “Illuminati Network” that has been described elsewhere on this site, one that has learned from all the problems and flaws of the past, one that, most importantly of all, relies on you. This is your chance to be part of the great chain of history, part of the age-old resistance to the Old World Order, part of the great endeavour to build the utopia humanity has always craved. (The Old World Order is not vast. Like the Illuminati, it has only about 6,000 members – that’s all that stands between the world and freedom.)

The new secret society will be given the simplest and broadest possible name: the Movement. This will be a secret society like no other because you will be responsible for its creation and even its secrets. It will be an internet-based, grassroots movement designed to demonstrate the incredible creativity and brilliance of ordinary people. It will be based on the concept of “crowdsourcing”: using an army of volunteers, interacting and cooperating with one another, to provide the answer to a problem. (Wikipedia is a classic example.) Crowdsourcing can unleash the power of the people. Men and women from all walks of life and all disciplines can collaborate to solve seemingly intractable problems. More often than not, they pour their hearts, souls and time into solving the problems. They show remarkable creativity and innovation. Wondrous, unexpected results can emerge…the most powerful alchemy imaginable.

Many people on YouTube spend days and weeks perfecting humorous little projects to entertain their friends. Instead of “having a laugh”, why don’t they put the same energy and passion into changing the world and overthrowing the Power Elite?

Above all else, the Illuminati wish to release the limitless potential of the people in a huge outpouring of breathtaking creativity. And from that process, humanity’s collective divine spark will be liberated.

The Movement consists of four interrelated elements covering religion, politics, activism and psychology.

Excerpted, page 337

© The Illuminati’s Secret Religion

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Settembre 27th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă


Jacques Derrida was one of the most controversial philosophers of modern times. His technique of “deconstruction” is both widely admired and condemned. The complexity of deconstruction can be seen from the fact that Derrida criticised any attempt to define exactly what deconstruction is on the grounds that any such definition would itself be open to being deconstructed.

Roughly speaking, deconstruction revolves around “decentring”. In every arena of life, a “centre” is defined and anything not identified with that centre is pushed, subtly or unsubtly, to one side. Take “God”. God is almost always referred to as “he” (although a few feminists deliberately use “she”). God is a not a sexual being and therefore has no sex. “He” should actually be spoken of in non-gendered terms, but no such vocabulary exists. The use of “he” privileges men over woman and places them at the centre of life and woman on the margins. The use of “she” would do the opposite. The point is that the choice of personal pronoun for referring to God instantly places one group above another. Until the rise of feminism, the centrality of God as a male was never seriously challenged, and society on earth was invariably controlled by men.

In a masculine society, women are marginalized. In times of great wars – as most of our history has been – the masculine is dominant. Nowadays, with wars being small and fought far away, with relatively few casualties, the centre of the Western narrative is turning away from the masculine and becoming increasingly feminine. Political correctness, caring, empathising, hugging, social networking, compromising, accommodating, consoling, consensus…the key words of our contemporary culture are essentially feminine. No one preaches strong values because some people might be offended. Strength itself is not welcome nowadays. No one stands for anything because that would mean putting principles above getting on with others, and that’s unacceptable. So, the centre of our narrative is changing, and now the masculine is becoming “other”. The Old World Order are delighted with the feminisation of society because it reduces the chances of any forceful response to their control over us.

The subject of a book is that book’s “centre”. Jesus Christ is the centre of a book about Christianity. Muslims, Jews, Hindus and Buddhists are automatically made non-central in such a book. They are at the margins; they are excluded; they are “other”.

Derrida was concerned with revealing the assumptions that accompany the centre, and what it means for those entities excluded from the centre. Deconstruction takes apart a product of any type and exposes the agenda that underlies it. Books, newspapers, magazines, movies, paintings, sculptures, political systems, religions, celebrities, advertising…absolutely everything can be deconstructed. We learn that we are never dealing with objective facts, but with narratives that promote the underlying agenda. To understand the deceit that lies, fundamentally, at the centre, is to be released from the prison of illusion that the centre constructs.

Look at all the “centres” of our culture: freedom, democracy, liberalism, capitalism, equal rights, Judaeo-Christianity etc. Everything else is pushed to the fringes, rendered irrelevant, unworthy of consideration. But, via deconstruction, we can cause the centre to collapse, bring the “other” to the foreground, and gain a wider and better understanding.

A Muslim is trapped in a brainwashed state because he can’t understand that the Koran is nothing but a text that places seventh century Arabia at the centre of life. Equally, the New Testament is centred on Judea of 2,000 years ago, and the Torah on Moses and the history of the Jews. If Muslims, Christians and Jews were intelligent people they would deconstruct their sacred texts, but of course they won’t because then the texts would no longer be sacred. These “believers” have done the opposite of deconstruction: they have constructed false centres that marginalize everything else. No Muslim ever questions the Koran, or Christian the Bible, or Jew the Torah. Nothing could be more dangerous than the fanatic who refuses to see the world through different eyes, as the violent history of the main religions has amply demonstrated.

Most of life consists of the creation of false centres that then take on a kind of religious significance that no one dare challenge. Deconstruction is the antidote. Deconstruction is one of the greatest tools of liberation ever devised because it makes us question everything we read and learn, and that’s exactly as it should be. This website has its own centre, and can be deconstructed like everything else. But, unlike others, we encourage seekers of truth to engage in deconstruction (but we have no interest in unconstructive people who want to pointlessly argue with us, as many of those who contact us choose to do). Only when you have deconstructed can you be trusted to construct. You will do so knowingly, aware of the limitations and the assumptions built into your constructions.

Deconstruction doesn’t lead nowhere as its critics maintain; it leads us to the truths that we can finally stand by. When every text has been decentred, when every “other” is no longer other then we can see for ourselves those things in which we ought to invest our energy. We again construct centres, but this time having taken the the “other” into due consideration. If we now ignore others it is not because they were marginalized and made invisible to us, but because we understood exactly what we were doing, and the full consequences of our actions.

Deconstruction is always political and ideological, just as construction and centring were in the first place. Deconstructionists are those who no longer fall for the propaganda of the central, privileged position.

The Old World Order remain the centre of the world’s grand narrative. It’s time for us to deconstruct them out of existence.

Even before deconstruction existed, Nietzsche was attacking the ultimate grand narrative – God at the centre of the universe, the infallible judge of all of humanity, the supreme moral paragon. What if that centre were false, Nietzsche asked, what if God were dead? Then the centre of existence has collapsed. Morality vanishes. Good and evil no longer exist. No one is in charge. The meaning of life is called into question. What then? Nietzsche proposed a new centre – the Superman, the man who takes on the mantle of creator and judge, and obeys his own will to power. In effect, the Superman deposes God and replaces him as God, but he is a God who knows he is fallible.

The centre of the Illuminati’s narrative is the True God, but we openly encourage Nietzsche’s approach because those who dare to don the mantle of God are the only ones who could ever imagine what it is like to be God, and it is precisely those people in whom God is most interested. They are the ones worthy of divine love because they are the ones who come closest to understanding it. Nietzsche’s advocacy of the Superman is remarkably similar in intent to the Illuminati’s advocacy of the search for the higher self, the divine spark. In both cases, humans look inside themselves and try to become something greater, nobler and more divine.

Excerpted, page 315

© The Illuminati’s Secret Religion

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Hyperian History Of The World (18th Century, Part 4)

Settembre 27th, 2019 No Comments   Posted in Dacia Iluministă

Hyperian History Of The World (18th Century, Part 4)

The end of the 18th century saw world events that would shake humanity to its core, with their effects still being felt to this day. The old powers of the world, the ones which sought to suppress humanity with irrational faith and ideologies of slavery and oppression had been best represented in the preceding centuries by the catholic church and the powerful monarchies of Europe. Since the renaissance, and in particular the protestant reformation, the church had lost a great amount of its power. Philosophers and scientists had moved away from christianity and no longer feared persecution from the church. Yet the political powers of the world still had great power over the people.

Back in the 17th century, there had been a civil war in England which had resulted in the execution of king Charles I and the brief abolition of the monarchy under Oliver Cromwell. As a hardcore puritanical protestant, Cromwell knew all about opposing great powers. Unfortunately, England was unable to recreate itself into a republic, so entrenched was the idea of monarchy and the will of the people to submit and be oppressed, and the monarchy was restored. Yet the new king did not have the absolute power he had once had, and parliament, made up of the representatives of the people, now had a greater role in the governing of the nation.

It is interesting that these events can be seen as resulting from ideas in the philosophy of John Locke, the founder of British empiricism. Although that philosophy was entirely incorrect when it came to understanding the nature of reality, the political aspect of Locke’s philosophy was all about the natural rights of all people, the idea that all people were created equally and therefore any government had to have the consent of those whom it governed. Clearly, absolute monarchy grossly violated this concept.

The greatest consequence of these ideas and events of the 17th century, would be felt towards the end of the 18th century, not in England, but in the British colonies in America. Since the beginning of the 17th century, pilgrims had been journeying across the Atlantic and settling in the new world. Along the east coast of the continent the British Empire had invaded and utterly overthrown the native Americans who had dwelled there and thirteen colonies had been established, all governed and controlled by the British parliament and the British monarchy.

Yet after a century, the people of these colonies, many of whom had been born there, began to identify as American rather than as British. In the middle of the 18th century, unrest began to grow amongst the American people, especially when new taxation was introduced to the American colonies. The British parliament was made up of representatives of the British people with the American people having no representation. These new taxes led to the idea amongst the Americans of ‘no taxation without representation’.

Eventually, protests would begin in the colonies against this taxation, with the British government and monarchy coming to be viewed as a tyranny by the American people. Things became violent in 1770 when protesters in Boston were massacred by British soldiers. The protests culminated with the Boston Tea Party in 1773, in which an entire shipment of tea was dumped into Boston Harbour by protesters, in opposition to the taxation of the tea. The severe response of the British to this act eventually led to full scale revolution.

The other colonies quickly rallied behind Massachusetts, which had been declared a state in rebellion, each setting up their own governments and a continental army was developed under the leadership of General George Washington. Battles between this army and the British forces led to revolutionary war. Ideas of republicanism and the liberty of the people spread around the American people (thanks to writers such as Thomas Paine) and the English king George III was declared a tyrant. Finally, Thomas Jefferson drafted a declaration of independence, which was signed by representatives of all the colonies on July 4th 1776, declaring that the colonies were now free and independent states, and the process began of forming a union of these states which would become known as the United States of America.

The war continued on, with the British obviously resisting the declaration but, with help from France, the Americans defeated the British in 1781 and in 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed, officially ending the conflict and recognising the new independent nation. The constitution was written and George Washington was elected as the first president.

The United States of America was the first modern nation to be founded on republicanism and represented, at the time, the final move away from the dominance of both the catholic church and the old monarchies of Europe. This new nation was a huge beacon of hope for humanity at the time, showing that humanity could throw off the tyranny of the old powers and progress to new heights of enlightenment. Unfortunately, the old powers found all sorts of ways to worm their way back into this new nation and, as the previous two centuries have shown, the United States of America has become the very essence of everything it was created to oppose. Jefferson and his fellow founding fathers would be appalled to see the current state of their nation.

The American Revolution, however, was merely a prelude to perhaps the most momentous event in the history of humanity, the French Revolution. The French government had fought in the Seven Years war and had assisted the Americans in their revolutionary war. As such, the French government was severely in debt and sought to repair its financial situation with heavy taxation on the people of France. This, coupled with the harsh environmental problems of those years, with several bad harvests, led to the people of France growing to greatly resent the privileges enjoyed by the wealthy aristocracy and the catholic clergy which was still influential in France, whilst many of them were starving. The French were also aware of what was happening in America and became inspired by the enlightenment ideals of liberty, human rights and even republicanism.

The revolution began in 1789 with the summoning of the Estates Generale, which had not been called since 1614. This institution was an assembly representing the three estates of French society, the clergy (first estate), the nobility (second estate) and the commoners (third estate). The Estates Generale was called by king Louis XVI in order to solve the crises afflicting France at the time, but the commoners quickly saw the trap. Despite vastly outnumbering the other two estates, the third estate was consistently outvoted by the other two, who usually agreed with one another and who had equal representation in the Estates Generale.

To combat this, the third estate decided to form what was called the National Assembly and invited the other estates to join them. This was absolutely against the wishes of the king who attempted to intervene by going personally into the assembly to annul all of its decrees. To ensure his success, the king ordered the hall where the assembly met to be closed on 20th June 1789. However, the assembly simply met at another location, a nearby tennis court, and swore the ‘Tennis Court Oath’, in which they stated that they would not separate until they had settled the constitution of France. This was tantamount to a declaration of independence by the third estate, by which they took control of France away from the king and his nobility.

These events were seen by the king as merely a political insurrection. He had no choice, however, to accept the legitimacy of the National Assembly. Yet the king still attempted to exercise his power and he dismissed and banished Jacques Necker, the finance minister. This was seen by the people of Paris as the King attempting to undermine the Assembly and revolutionary fervour quickly spread throughout the city. The French military had been brought to Paris in large numbers, again convincing the people that they were under threat. To combat this threat, the people of Paris, on 14th July 1789, stormed the Bastille prison, a symbol of royal power, taking from therein a huge cache of weapons in order to fight back against the military.

This eruption of violence was symbolically the beginning of the revolution, the event which made the king realise that the people were now utterly against him and his nobility. The Assembly now had the full support of the people, who were now also arming themselves against the military who served the king. In August 1789 the assembly abolished feudalism entirely, granting equal rights to all citizens.

As time went on, the king lost more and more power, yet still had some support. There was much political struggle between those who opposed the king and those who still supported him, yet in 1792 France was officially declared a republic and the radicalisation of the revolutionary government was intensifying. The most radical group who rose to prominence at the time were the Jacobins, led by Maximilien Robespierre and Louis Saint-Just. So committed were they to the ideals of the revolution and the republic, that they insisted that the king was committing treason against the republic simply by being the king. As such, the Jacobins, who now held the most power in the revolutionary government, executed Louis XVI on 21st January 1793, an even which shocked the world.

After this, the Jacobins began to see many counter-revolutionary movements rise up against them and thus began the ‘Reign of Terror’ of 1793, in which anyone who showed any opposition to the revolution and the Jacobin cause was simply sent to the guillotine. The Jacobins were attempting to revolutionise every aspect of society, from the establishment of an entirely new calendar to the advocation of a new state religion known as the ‘cult of the Supreme Being’. The Jacobin vision was based on the political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and his ‘Social Contract’ which detailed how to express the General Will of the citizens rather than any Particular Wills of individuals. This was the highest expression of Left Wing politics yet was far too radical for the majority of the people of the time.

Perhaps the Jacobins moved too quickly with their vision, although the circumstances of the revolution seemed to necessitate such activity, but a huge number of counter-revolutionary factions rose up against them, some in response to the violence of the Terror, some who simply were unable to cope with the radical ideas and the effects they would have on society. Lacking the vision to see how these ideas, though radical and violent at the time, would lead to a better world for all, the opponents of the Jacobins overpowered them and Robespierre and Saint-Just, perhaps the two greatest left wing heroes of all time, were themselves sent to the guillotine on 28th July 1794.

This began the period of the revolution known as the ‘Thermidorian Reaction’, named after the name of the month in the new calendar, Thermidor, in which the Jacobins were brought down. This was the beginning of the end for the revolution, with France falling under the control of an executive council known as the ‘Directory’, which soon became corrupt. Alas, with the fall of the Jacobins, the old powers once again found a way to worm their way back in. Nonetheless, the Directory was overthrown in 1799 in a coup led by a general named Napoleon Bonaparte.

Earlier in the revolution, the French army had been involved in many military campaigns elsewhere in Europe and Napoleon had come to prominence in many of these conflicts, revealing himself to be a brilliant military leader, and he was seen as a hero of the revolution. Unfortunately, after he overthrew the Directory, Napoleon assumed power himself and, while adhering to many of the ideals of the revolution, eventually became the very thing it had attempted to overthrow when he declared himself to be Emperor of a new French Empire. This led to the Napoleonic Wars into the next century, in which the other old powers of Europe managed to defeat Napoleon and regain control of France. The greatest revolution in the history of the world had failed, yet its effects continue to be felt across the world.

The French Revolution was the closest that the old powers of the world came to being defeated. This terrified them and led to a complete change of tactics. The ideals of the revolution were allowed to spread around the world, but in a decidedly diluted form, with less power being given to monarchies or religious organisations and more power being given to the people and individuals. Yet the old powers continued to work behind the scenes, now very much playing a game of psychology with the people, allowing them the illusion of freedom while in fact continuing to dominate and control them. Never again would they explicitly show their dominance, for fear of another revolution on this scale.

However, in the world right now, these old powers have foolishly begun to show their true colours once again and the time has come for a new, global revolution to overthrow them once and for all. Hyperianism is that very revolution, yet to achieve it, we must summon up the spirit of the Jacobins, of Robespierre and Saint-Just, the great left wing heroes who so nearly transformed the world. It won’t be easy, and will require great deal of courage, willpower, resilience and a refusal to compromise on our ideals.

Liberté, fraternité, égalité, ou la mort!